Arduino blink led example: GETTING STARTED

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Arduino blink led example: GETTING STARTED

Post  Admin on Thu Jul 04, 2013 2:52 am

Blink

This example shows the simplest thing you can do with an Arduino to see physical output: it blinks an LED.

Hardware Required

 
   Arduino Board
   LED


Circuit

To build the circuit, attach a 220-ohm resistor to pin 13. Then attach the long leg of an LED (the positive leg, called the anode) to the resistor. Attach the short leg (the negative leg, called the cathode) to ground. Then plug your Arduino board into your computer, start the Arduino program, and enter the code below.

Most Arduino boards already have an LED attached to pin 13 on the board itself. If you run this example with no hardware attached, you should see that LED blink.



image developed using Fritzing. For more circuit examples, see the Fritzing project page

Schematic



In the program below, the first thing you do is to initialize pin 13 as an output pin with the line

pinMode(13, OUTPUT);

In the main loop, you turn the LED on with the line:

digitalWrite(13, HIGH);

This supplies 5 volts to pin 13. That creates a voltage difference across the pins of the LED, and lights it up. Then you turn it off with the line:

digitalWrite(13, LOW);

That takes pin 13 back to 0 volts, and turns the LED off. In between the on and the off, you want enough time for a person to see the change, so the delay() commands tell the Arduino to do nothing for 1000 milliseconds, or one second. When you use the delay() command, nothing else happens for that amount of time. Once you've understood the basic examples, check out the BlinkWithoutDelay example to learn how to create a delay while doing other things.

Once you've understood this example, check out the DigitalReadSerial example to learn how read a switch connected to the Arduino.

Connect your Arduino Uno board to your computer copy/paste below code in your Arduino software environment, set your comm connection and press upload button, this will program your arduino board through USB cable. USB can power your board, external supply is only needed if additional hardware or sheild connected to your board.

/*
 Blink
 Turns on an LED on for one second, then off for one second, repeatedly.

 This example code is in the public domain.
*/

// Pin 13 has an LED connected on most Arduino boards.
// give it a name:
int led = 13;

// the setup routine runs once when you press reset:
void setup() {                
 // initialize the digital pin as an output.
 pinMode(led, OUTPUT);    
}

// the loop routine runs over and over again forever:
void loop() {
 digitalWrite(led, HIGH);   // turn the LED on (HIGH is the voltage level)
 delay(1000);               // wait for a second
 digitalWrite(led, LOW);    // turn the LED off by making the voltage LOW
 delay(1000);               // wait for a second
}


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